Resilience is defined as the ability of a system to maintain key functions and processes in the face of stresses or pressures by resisting to and then recovering or adapting to change. It can be applied to both ecological systems, including temperate, tropical, and polar regions, and social systems (e.g., human communities).
Applying RBM has several key benefits:
- Provides a way to manage reefs under future climate change scenarios.
- Allows managers to prioritize management actions that best address future threats to the socio-ecological system and encourages adaptation and transformation.
- Informs how resources like funding and staff time will be allocated to various strategies and projects based on identified threats to the socio-ecological system.
- Empowers local conservation practitioners by providing hope and validating the role and importance of local management actions and linking the well-being of coral reefs and local communities more closely.
- Serves as a vehicle to deliver on global commitments to climate change, such as CBD Aichi Target 10and 15, Paris Climate Agreement Article 7 and 8 , UN Sustainable Development Goals Target 14.2.