Member Type Country
The Aquatic Resources Authority of Panama (ARAP) was created in November 23, 2006 (Ley 44 del 2006 G.O. 25680) to unify the various responsibilities for coastal and marine ecosystem resources, aquaculture, fishing and related activities of public administration. ARAP is the Authority that has to ensure compliance and law enforcement and regulations concerning aquatic resources and national policies on fisheries and aquaculture.
ARAP’s competency areas include:
- Fisheries: Industrial, Artisanal Coastal and Lakeside
- Aquaculture – Mariculture
- Integrated Management of Coastal and Marine Ecosystem Resources
- Conservation of Aquatic Life
- Mangroves, coral reefs and other marine ecosystems
- Related Activities
Its Mission is to ensure the development of a productive and social culture of the Aquatic Resources in a sustainable way in harmony with the environment to improve the quality of life of the inhabitants of the Republic of Panama.
Its vision is being competitive in sustainable development and management of aquatic resources in national and international markets.
Surface of Coral Reefs: 770 km2Caribbean Sea: 754 km2
Pacific ocean: 16 km2
There are differents activities in Panama:
- Law Nº 2 (January 2006) that regulates the touristic concessions on islands prohibits the construction on coral formations, and any activity that can cause their death, bleaching or the destruction.
- Project: Extraction and recollection of marine debris (ghost nets) with the participation of Chiriquí and Darien communities.
- Panama Coral Reef Monitoring Network http://www.stri.si.edu/sites/esp/mesp/reef_monitoring_intro.htm-H. Guzman & A. Croquer STRI(since 1985)- 33 reefs, 17 in the Pacific Ocean and 16 in the Caribbean Sea. Bahía Las Minas Oil Spill Monitoring-STRI
- MPA’s Management plans of Coiba Island, Bocas del Toro Insular areas and Las Perlas Achipielagos.
- Communitarian activities to promote the extraction and consumption of the Lion Fish in the Caribbean Coast of Panama.
- Lionfish Studies on parasitism, predation, relationship with other species in Panama (A. Sellers).
MPA(s) with coral reefs:770
Percentage of coral reef MPA(s) to the coastal zone or marine area:0.35%
|Location||Reef surface (km2)||% of EEZ|
|Name||Category||Location||Coral reef surface (km2)|
|Coiba National Park National Parkv||UNESCO’s World Heritage Site since 2005||Gulf of Chiriquí, Pacific ocean||17 km2|
|Chiriqui’s Gulf Marine National Parkv||National Park||Gulf of Chiriquí, Pacific Coastv||12.5 km2|
|Iguana Island||Wildlife refuge||Los Santos Province, Pacific coast||0.16 km2|
|Escudo de Veraguas Island||Protected Landscape||Bocas del Toro province, Caribbean coast||87.4|
|Matumbal Marine reserve||Marine Reserve||Bocas del Toro province, Caribbean coast|
|Bastimento Island Marine Park||National Park||Bocas del Toro province, Caribbean coast|
|Portobelo||National Park||Colon province, Caribbean coast||48|
|Galeta Island||Protected Landscape||Colon province, Caribbean coast|
|San Lorenzo Park||Protected Area||Colon province, Caribbean coast|
|Corregimiento de Nargana||Wildlife area||Guna Yala Region, Caribbean coast||610 km2|
|Las Perlas Archipielago||Special Managment Marine Area||Panama Gulf, Pacific ocean||1.5 km2|
Last Updated: 28 September 2020