Member Type Country




Lissette Trejos-Lasso
Aquatic Animal Health Veterinarian, Sea and Coastal Divisions
Environment Ministry

Karen Dominguez-Barrera
Coastal and Sea Head of Area Management of marine and coastal resources
Environment Ministry

The Aquatic Resources Authority of Panama (ARAP) was created in November 23, 2006 (Ley 44 del 2006 G.O. 25680) to unify the various responsibilities for coastal and marine ecosystem resources, aquaculture, fishing and related activities of public administration. ARAP is the Authority that has to ensure compliance and law enforcement and regulations concerning aquatic resources and national policies on fisheries and aquaculture.

ARAP’s competency areas include:

  • Fisheries: Industrial, Artisanal Coastal and Lakeside
  • Aquaculture – Mariculture
  • Integrated Management of Coastal and Marine Ecosystem Resources
  • Conservation of Aquatic Life
  • Mangroves, coral reefs and other marine ecosystems
  • Related Activities

Its Mission is to ensure the development of a productive and social culture of the Aquatic Resources in a sustainable way in harmony with the environment to improve the quality of life of the inhabitants of the Republic of Panama.

Its vision is being competitive in sustainable development and management of aquatic resources in national and international markets.

Related websites:
Background Information

Surface of Coral Reefs: 770 km2Caribbean Sea: 754 km2
Pacific ocean: 16 km2

There are differents activities in Panama:

  • Law Nº 2 (January 2006) that regulates the touristic concessions on islands prohibits the construction on coral formations, and any activity that can cause their death, bleaching or the destruction.
  • Project: Extraction and recollection of marine debris (ghost nets) with the participation of Chiriquí and Darien communities.
  • Panama Coral Reef Monitoring Network Guzman & A. Croquer STRI(since 1985)- 33 reefs, 17 in the Pacific Ocean and 16 in the Caribbean Sea. Bahía Las Minas Oil Spill Monitoring-STRI
  • MPA’s Management plans of Coiba Island, Bocas del Toro Insular areas and Las Perlas Achipielagos.
  • Communitarian activities to promote the extraction and consumption of the Lion Fish in the Caribbean Coast of Panama.
  • Lionfish Studies on parasitism, predation, relationship with other species in Panama (A. Sellers).
MPA Information

MPA(s) with coral reefs:770
Percentage of coral reef MPA(s) to the coastal zone or marine area:0.35%

More Information:

Location Reef surface (km2) % of EEZ
Caribbean Sea 754 0.345%
Pacific ocean 16 0.05%
ZEE Total 770 0.35%


Name Category Location Coral reef surface (km2)
Coiba National Park National Parkv UNESCO’s World Heritage Site since 2005 Gulf of Chiriquí, Pacific ocean 17 km2
Chiriqui’s Gulf Marine National Parkv National Park Gulf of Chiriquí, Pacific Coastv 12.5 km2
Iguana Island Wildlife refuge Los Santos Province, Pacific coast 0.16 km2
Escudo de Veraguas Island Protected Landscape Bocas del Toro province, Caribbean coast 87.4
Matumbal Marine reserve Marine Reserve Bocas del Toro province, Caribbean coast
Bastimento Island Marine Park National Park Bocas del Toro province, Caribbean coast
Portobelo National Park Colon province, Caribbean coast 48
Galeta Island Protected Landscape Colon province, Caribbean coast
San Lorenzo Park Protected Area Colon province, Caribbean coast
Corregimiento de Nargana Wildlife area Guna Yala Region, Caribbean coast 610 km2
Las Perlas Archipielago Special Managment Marine Area Panama Gulf, Pacific ocean 1.5 km2
World Heritage Sites

Sites with Coral Reefs: 1

Coiba National Park –

Last Updated: 28 September 2020