Member Type Country




Mariko Kimura
Biodiversity Policy Division, Nature Conservation Bureau, Ministry of the Environment, Japan
Deputy Director

Yasuko Miyazawa
Biodiversity Policy Division, Nature Conservation Bureau, Ministry of the Environment, Japan
Deputy Director

Background Information

Surface of Coral Reefs: 960 km2National Coral Reef Action Plan Title:: Yes (in Japanese)The Ministry of the Environment, Japan, is responsible for global environmental conservation, pollution control, and nature conservation. The ministry was formed in 2001 from the Environmental Agency established in 1971. Japan is one of the 8 founding countries of ICRI.

The Ministry of the Environment is currently leading the ICRI East Asia Regional Activities. More information.

World Heritage Sites

Sites with Coral Reefs: 1

Ogasawara Islands:

The property numbers more than 30 islands clustered in three groups and covers surface area of 7,939 hectares. The islands offer a variety of landscapes and are home to a wealth of fauna, including the Bonin Flying Fox, a critically endangered bat, and 195 endangered bird species. Four-hundred and forty-one native plant taxa have been documented on the islands whose waters support numerous species of fish, cetaceans and corals. Ogasawara Islands’ ecosystems reflect a range of evolutionary processes illustrated through its assemblage of plant species from both southeast and northwest Asia, alongside many endemic species. More information or

Ramsar Sites

Sites with Coral Reefs: 2

  • Kushimoto Coral Communities: 08/11/05; Wakayama; 574 ha; 33°27’N 135°47’E. National Park. A unique littoral area rich in high-latitude to tropical marine life of 120 species, situated at southern tip of Kii Peninsula. Kuroshio Current, the major warm current on the earth, touches the area allowing formation of a peculiarly warm environment supporting tropical organisms on the main island of Japan. Acropora hyacinthus, the dominant species, is important for its high nutrition productivity and topography formation capacity, and also significant for tourism resources because of its beautiful tabular coral landscape. The highest concentration of Catalaphyllia jardenei population was identified only in this area, making it the largest marine colony in Japan and northernmost distribution in the world. The remarkable coral communities support rich biodiversity with nutrition and habitat sources stabilising the neritic environment. The site has special value for marine fishery, leisure fishing, scientific research and tourism, particularly coral observation and scuba diving. Typhoon, natural retreat of the warm current, Arita Bay development activities, illegal and over-fishing are considered as major threats to the coral communities. Ramsar site no. 1548. Most recent RIS information: 2005.
  • Kerama-shoto Coral Reef: 08/11/05; Okinawa; 353 ha; 26°12’N 127°18’E. National Park. Part of the Kerama-shoto Islands at the west of Okinawa, the designated area is divided in two major areas: 120 ha along the west coast of Tokashiki Island and 233 ha among deserted islands. The coral reef consists of 248 species of well-developed fringing corals, tabular, mound, horn-shaped, branching and sheet reef-building ones, densely distributed in water with abundant colorful fishes like Chromis notata, Chaetodontidae and Labridae species. Some places are covered with 90% corals, mainly tabular and arborscent Acropora. The reefs are the supply sources for larvae corals. Past threat to the reef was crown-of-thorn starfish and, in 1998, severe coral bleaching were observed. Control campaigns by local communities are helping to restore the site. Much of the area retains natural beauty attracting over 100,000 scuba-divers and tourists every year. Whale-watching is also a popular activity in winter. Ramsar site no. 1546. Most recent RIS information: 2005.

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Last Updated: 16 May 2020