Member Type Country
The Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE) is organizationally complex as it consists of various decentralized agencies and other affiliated entities. During the Arias Sanchez Presidency, 2006 – 2010, MINAE was made responsible for the Telecommunications sector, whose creation was completed with the approval of the General Telecommunications Law in June 2010. Two years later, in June 2012, the Chinchilla Miranda Presidency relocated the Telecommunications sector to the Ministry of Science and Teconlogía (MICIT). That same year, the Chinchilla Miranda Administration created by decree the Vice Ministry of Water & Seas in response to the management lag there is in this matter in the country.
The Ministry has been constantly evolving as the environmental sector has gone from being one of marginal interest to one central to the country’s development plans. Thanks to the work done by MINAE, Costa Rica is now among the top of the World Environmental Performance Index and is recognized worldwide for its efforts in conservation and sustainable development.
Surface of Coral Reefs: 970 km2
MPA(s) with coral reefs:8
- Isla del CocoWetland Type (dominant type in bold): Freshwater springs; oases (Y), Permanent freshwater marshes/pools; ponds (below 8 ha), marshes and swamps on inorganic soils; with emergent vegetation water-logged for at least most of the growing season (Tp), Seasonal/intermittent/irregular rivers/streams/creeks (N) Permanent rivers/streams/creeks; includes waterfalls (M), Rocky marine shores; includes rocky offshore islands, sea cliffs (D), Coral reefs (C), Permanent shallow marine waters in most cases less than six metres deep at low tide; includes sea bays and straits (A).
- Gandoca – ManzanilloWetland Type (dominant type in bold): Freshwater, tree-dominated wetlands; includes freshwater swamp forest, seasonally flooded forest, wooded swamps; on inorganic soils (Xf), Coastal freshwater lagoons; includes freshwater delta lagoons (K), Intertidal forested wetlands; includes mangrove swamps, nipah swamps and tidal freshwater swamp forests (I), Sand, shingle or pebble shores; includes sandbars, spits and sandy islets; includes dune systems and humid dune slacks (E), Rocky marine shores; includes rocky offshore islands, sea cliffs (D), Coral reefs (C), Marine subtidal aquatic beds; includes kelp beds, sea-grass beds, tropical marine meadows (B), Permanent shallow marine waters in most cases less than six metres deep at low tide; includes sea bays and straits (A).
Last Updated: 7 May 2020